Ruddy Fly, Berners
Royal Coachman, wet English 《fly》
American wet fly. Although it is a variation of the Coachman, it has a unique and gorgeous body and tail. It does have high originality, and it may be one of the most famous flies in the world.
The creator of the fly was John Haily of New York City who tied it in 1878. Haily was a fly-tier and one of the first dealers of fly tying material in the United States. The story of this fly is introduced in a book written by Harold Smedley, "Fly Patterns and Their Origins" (1943). A letter from Charles Orvis to Fred Mather in 1885 states:
Dear Sir... The Royal Coachman was first offered to purchasers by me. It did not, however, originate with me... The fly-tier I mentioned long ago sent me a sample...saying "I have just been tying some flies to order for a gentleman, and he says he likes the Coachman better than any other fly, but he finds it very frail, and he wants me to tie some with red silk in the middle, to make them stronger, and also he wants a little sprig of wood duck for a jib (tail). I send you a fly to see. I think it quite handsome"... The enclosed fly had a white wing, brown hackle, a peacock body bound in the center with red silk, and a tail of wood duck feather with black and white bars... One evening a number of us were gathered around a table looking at the flies. My family, Mr. Horace T. Dunn of California, and Mr. L.C. Orvis (younger brother of Charles) of Hartford, Conn., were present discussing the propriety of every fly having a name, numbers giving them little or no individuality... I said "But what is one to do, I do not propose to name flies." "Why not" said they, "if the fly is not named, it will never be popular. No one can remember to distinguish flies by numbers; they get confused." "Well," I answered, "that may be; but look, here is this fly; a handsome fly; it is similar to a Coachman; but is not a Coachman. There is but one Coachman..." "I will tell you" exclaimed Mr.L.C.Orvis, "that is an extra fine Coachman; all that scarlet makes it quite significant - call it the Royal Coachman!" The name seemed suitable, so the fly was christened... The fly was put on the market by the Orvis company in 1878.
Theodore Gordon made a dry fly called Fan Wing Royal Coachman after the announcement of this fly pattern. Reuben Cross created Hair Wing Royal Coachman. A standard pattern of the Royal Coachman dry fly was made at an unknown time by an unknown fly-tier. Many variations were made using the body or the tail of this fly, and the name of "royal" is used for each fly. For example, Royal Trude, Royal Wulff, Royal Humpy, Royal Renegade, and etc. This is the origin of flies that have "Royal" in their names.
hook: # 8 -14
tail: golden pheasant tippet or wood duck feather with black and white stripes
body: peacock herl + red floss + peacock herl
hackle: Coachman brown (reddish brown)
wing: white duck quill, down wing
In Mary Orvis's pattern, the tag of red floss is attached.
Illustration inserted Figure at the upper right of fly 16
【Reference】Fishing with the fly, 1968 (1886). Fly patterns and their origins, 1944 (1943). Favorite flies and their histories, 1988 (1892). Modern trout flies and how to tie them, 1979 (1975). Trout flies (Williams), 1932. Royal Coachman, 2000.
→Coachman, Theodore Gordon, Fan Wing Royal Coachman, Hair Wing Royal Coachman, Hair Wing Royal Coachman (dry fly), Royal Trude, Royal Humpy, Royal Renegade, terrestrial