Detached Olive, Halford
Shell Fly, Berners
Quigley Cripple English 《fly》
American emerger (stillborn) pattern that is commonly referred to as Cripple. Cripple stands for a stillborn of mayfly that failed to hatch. This is a pattern developed by Bob Quigley in 1978 as the result of a considerable effort when he lived close to the Fall River in California. He now lives in Oregon.
Fall River is a famous spring creek, also famous for its tough fishing, because the water is calm and clear, and the trout are selective. Quigley needed a special fly, he wanted a fly that had good visibility for his guests who were mostly elderly people. Therefore, when he attached a forward wing to the fly, it worked as an imitation of growing wings (budding wings), and it maintained its visibility - just like "Killing two birds with one stone."
Quigley Cripple floats with a half-float and half-sink position at the water surface, and combined with a nymphal shack, it produces an excellent imitation of an emerger. Moreover, even if the major portion of the fly sinks, it becomes a vertical fly, and still keeps its power.
Because this fly caught fish very well, it acquired widespread reputation, and it soon became a famous pattern. Many variations inspired by this pattern were produced afterwards. Recently, Quigley created a new pattern called Fluttering Cripple on which the wings are divided, the wing case is made of foam material, and the tail is made of transparent material.
hook: TMC 921, # 12-18
tail: olive marabou
body: olive marabou, dubbed
wing case + wing: deer hair, advanced wing, thick portion of deer hair is used
to make a wing case
legs: grizzly hackle dyed olive, dry fly collar style, sparse
Illustration inserted Figure at the lower left of fly 5
【Reference】Fish flies, 1995. Emergers, 1991. Tight loop (in Japanese) 9: 2001.
→ emerger, stillborn, Fall River, vertical fly, shack